Knee BursitisA bursa is a closed fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. "Bursae" is plural for "bursa." The major bursae are located adjacent to the tendons near the large joints, such as the shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees. When the bursa becomes inflamed, the condition is known as "bursitis." Most commonly, bursitis is caused by local soft tissue trauma or strain injury, and there is no infection (aseptic bursitis). On rare occasions, the bursa can become infected with bacteria. This condition is called septic bursitis.
What is knee bursitis?
The knee joint is surrounded by three major bursae. At the tip of the knee, over the kneecap bone, is the prepatellar bursa. This bursa can become inflamed (prepatellar bursitis) from direct trauma to the front of the knee. This commonly occurs with prolonged kneeling position. It has been referred to as "housemaid's knee," "roofer's knee," and "carpetlayer's knee," based on the patient's associated occupational histories. It can lead to varying degrees of swelling, warmth, tenderness, and redness in the overlying area of the knee. As compared with knee joint inflammation (arthritis), it is usually only mildly painful. It is usually associated with significant pain when kneeling and can cause stiffness and pain with walking. Also, in contrast to problems within the knee joint, the range of motion of the knee is frequently preserved.
Prepatellar bursitis can occur when the bursa fills with blood from injury. It can also be seen in rheumatoid arthritis and from deposits of crystals, as seen in patients with gouty arthritis and pseudogout. The prepatellar bursa can also become infected with bacteria (septic bursitis). When this happens, fever may be present. This type of infection usually occurs from breaks in the overlying skin or puncture wounds. The bacteria involved in septic bursitis of the knee are usually those that normally cover the skin, called staphylococcus. Rarely, a chronically inflamed bursa can become infected by bacteria traveling through the blood.
Septic bursitis, bursa is a closed fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. When the bursa becomes inflamed, the condition is known as "bursitis." When the bursa is infected with bacteria, the condition is called septic bursitis. Knee Bursitis is typically caused by trauma to the knee. A special bursitis called Aseptic prepatellar bursitis is normally treated using ice that compresses and rests the inflated area. It also directly affects the bursa fluid. The procedure may involve removal of the fluid with a needle and syringe under sterile condition. Many doctors and surgeons use needle and syringe. Some types of bursitis, which is non-infectious, can be treated with an injection of medication into the swollen area.
Doctors point out the position of the second tendon that attaches the muscles of the thighs and the kneecap in the lower leg. This bursa gets inflated and takes the form of the infrapatellar bursitis. This condition is also named by many as the jumper's knee. Again, ice is used as a healer along with oral tablets that minimizes the inflammation caused in the knee.
The third type of bursa is identified as anserine bursa. It is identified in the lower or the inner side of the knee. This is found most in the middle-aged women. It is located on the lower inner side of the knee. This is anserine bursitis. The people who are obese are more prone to this kind of knee pain. The patients who suffer from this kind of knee pain find it more difficult to climb uphill or upstairs.
Bursitis Of The Knee facts
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